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Stricter corona conditions apply to vocational school students and students at the upper levels of general schools. Unlike their classmates, they and their teachers now have to wear mouth and nose protection in class. In addition, all classrooms should be ventilated for at least five minutes every 20 minutes – even at low temperatures.
The number of corona cases in schools has so far been low. Two days before the start of the vacation two weeks ago, 180 people were in quarantine, 160 of them schoolchildren and 20 teachers and other school employees – with a total of around 255,000 schoolchildren and a good 25,000 school employees.
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Should the corona numbers rise dramatically overall, school senator Ties Rabe (SPD) does not rule out further tightening of the corona rules. “If the infection rate worsens dramatically, we will gradually and carefully expand the mask requirement in schools,” he told the German Press Agency. The prerequisite, however, is that the number of infections increases massively over 50 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per week.
Power games, stomach ache or just a night owl? There are many reasons why children do not want to go to bed in the evening. They are not always cause for concern. Nevertheless, parents should take a closer look, because lack of sleep can have serious consequences.
“I’m thirsty. I have to go again. I want a hot water bottle. There’s a man sitting in the closet.” When children want to delay their sleep in the evening, they are limitlessly creative. After the parents’ anger, after a while the worry follows: Is my child getting enough sleep? This is especially a problem when your son or daughter needs to be fit for school in the morning.
That’s how long elementary school students should sleep
Everyone needs an adequate amount of sleep, depending on their age, in order to regenerate, says Ulrich Koehler, Head of the Sleep Medicine Center at the University Hospital Gießen and Marburg. For children of preschool and elementary school age, nine to ten hours apply as a guide.
Individual sleep requirements vary widely: “If a second grader has to get up at seven o’clock, it is often enough if he sleeps at eight-thirty in the evening,” says Angelika Schlarb, a psychologist at the University of Tübingen. But half past eight would be a paradise for many families. Because it is often much later.
This is how parents recognize lack of sleep
“One criterion of whether a child gets enough sleep is how well they get up in the morning. Do you have to wake them up several times? Is it difficult to get going?”, Says Schlarb as criteria.how to kill a mockingbird essay introduction But not only the laborious getting up can be a sign of lack of sleep, daytime sleepiness is also an indication. “Children who are inattentive during the day, jittery, irritable and hardly want to study, usually sleep too little,” says Hamburg pediatrician Annette Lingenauber.
“Anyone who has the feeling that the child wants to test their limits and therefore does not go to bed should establish clear, reliable rules for going to bed,” advises Angelika Schlarb. Small deviations are allowed, however: for example, that the child still reads in bed or listens to a CD, but no longer disturbs the parents, suggests the pediatrician Lingenauber.
Many children are not physically exhausted
However, if the child does not rest in the evening, other factors play a role. “On the one hand, you should take a close look at the child’s daily routine,” advises sleep researcher Koehler. The biggest shortcoming is usually: Many children lack exercise. You are not physically exhausted and therefore not tired.
Media consumption also plays a decisive role. Even elementary school students often have smartphones or tablets on which they can play or watch films until just before they go to sleep. “But that puts a lot of stress on many children emotionally,” says psychologist Schlarb. She therefore recommends evening programs that do not stimulate children too much. “Sleep problems usually occur in sensitive children who are troubled by exciting stories.”
Discuss child concerns earlier
But sometimes the children cannot calm down because of their worries. “It only helps if parents listen carefully and talk to the children,” says Schlarb. Ideally not immediately before going to sleep, but rather an hour or two beforehand. Otherwise, children will take their girlfriends to bed with them.
Same goes for homework. “If a child has problems with a task or is even afraid of an upcoming test, they shouldn’t do the tasks immediately before sleep,” recommends Schlarb. However, if the tasks are not frightening, repeating just before sleep can be very effective.
Sleep routines help with sleep problems
The child can learn to come down with evening rituals. “There shouldn’t just be a break between watching TV and falling asleep, this time should also have a fairly regular schedule,” says pediatrician Lingenauber. The bedtime story is a classic way to end the day. This routine can be interrupted from time to time, for example on weekends. But a stable rhythm is very important for children with sleep problems.
Family therapist: Let children decide for themselves about sleep
The sociologist and family therapist Paul Suer uses unusual methods. For him the magic word is autonomy. “Children who are largely left in charge of their sleep often have the fewest problems falling asleep and staying asleep,” he says. That means: children decide for themselves when to go to bed and when to get up. Of course, this cannot always be enforced, but it is worth a try during the holidays or at the weekend.
The experts consider it particularly important that sleep is never used as a punishment. Children should associate something beautiful with the bed. “You can do that together with the children, that is, repaint the bed or swap the bedclothes with your girlfriend,” suggests Schlarb. And a cuddly toy is still a very welcome sleeping companion for most children, no matter how big they feel.
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The chaos begins with puberty. Hormones not only mix everything up in the body, the brain is also a building site where important connections have to be re-established. Actually, now is the time of rebellion, in which young people break parental conventions in order to differentiate themselves from the world of adults. But this is no longer so easy today, because many modern mothers and fathers are also rooted in the ubiquitous youth culture. One expert explains how teenagers still manage to set themselves apart and achieve autonomy.
It is one of the most exciting phases in life when children slowly develop into adults. You experience your first love, your first sexual experiences and take the first steps towards an autonomous life. From the point of view of the young people, the only obstacles in the way are the parents who try to guide the maturation of their offspring in the most sensible and smooth way possible. It is understandable that there should be conflicts on the way to self-discovery.
Revolt helps in the detachment
The youthful rebellion in search of their own self initially takes place in small doses in everyday situations. For example, when the thirteen-year-old daughter defiantly replies to her mother: “You have no idea what you’re wearing now, and besides, that’s none of your business.”
For developmental psychologists, this pubescent rebellion, which is felt in most teenagers at some point in almost all situations, is a struggle for acceptance, but not a complete turn away from their parents. “It is clear that the separation of mother and father in adolescence is a very important step in development. In the optimal case, it means increasing autonomy of the young people while at the same time maintaining a high level of emotional ties with their parents. That is the goal,” says psychologist Eva-Verena Wendt from the German Youth Institute (DJI) opposite t-online.de.
Young people today have more decision-making power
The clear demarcation from the adult cosmos is more difficult today than it was a generation or two before: “The parents of today’s youth,” explains the expert further, “were born between 1960 and 1975. That means, these parents have already changed, In some cases, they experienced an extremely anti-authoritarian upbringing and therefore set completely different goals for their own children than their parents did in the post-war period in the 1950s. “
Pedagogical principles such as obedience and submission have continuously lost importance since the post-war period. “In contrast, independence and free will are becoming more and more important. Nowadays, young people have more decision-making power than before and are involved in decisions through discussions and explanations, and not, as in the past, in the form of instructions – against which people rebelled. Nevertheless, the replacement remains a challenge for young people and parents, “comments the psychologist.
When the styling and the taste in music are the same
The issues that are argued about between the generations have also changed. Young and old have come closer to each other, especially when it comes to external features such as clothing and styling.
Many young-at-heart parents are now adopting such visible attributes for themselves, which 30 years ago were considered the insignia of adolescence and rebellion and which seemed reserved for teenagers and young adults only. This includes tattered jeans as well as piercings and tattoos or punk hairstyles. Even when it comes to musical preferences, the overlap has grown.
There is still enough potential for conflict
Despite such mergers, there is still enough potential for conflict with corresponding frictional heat on certain issues between pubescent children and their parents, stresses Wendt. “There is just as much need for discussion about other areas as in the past – for example when it comes to time limits for going out, accommodation rules, alcohol consumption, learning and school, the choice of social contacts, sexuality or the use of one’s parents’ car and pocket money therefore find fields where these important conflicts between parents and young people arise, where the teenagers test their limits on the way to autonomy, where they will try to secretly expand boundaries. “
Youthful internet jargon in the digital cosmos
Modern means of communication and their use play a special role in this youthful self-discovery and detachment process. Here teenagers are often not only technically superior to their parents, but when tweeting and chatting they move in a linguistic area that remains largely a mystery for many fathers and mothers.
“Young people develop their own communication traditions in their contact circles, for example communication in dialect or the use of abbreviations. They use their own web jargon that the parents may not be able to understand because they are simply no longer up to date”, explains the expert of the DJI.
Teenage language as an effective delimitation tool
A special youth language as a demarcation from others is absolutely nothing new. With its characteristic coded expressions, it has always been an important part of the self-portrayal of adolescents and also created identity within teenage cliques. Insider formulations trigger a sense of belonging among like-minded people, but at the same time break with certain norms of the elderly and want to provoke.
The preferred creative language tinkering that is used both speaking and writing includes, for example, alienations of words, exaggerations and new words that are often linked with modified Anglicisms or vocabulary that are used in a new context. The mother tongue and its rules are often dealt with in a rather brutal manner: grammar is then there to be ignored, spelling is at most a recommendation.
Linguistic borrowings from youth slang
But youth language, which is constantly changing anyway, has to constantly renew itself more than ever – regardless of the youth culture it comes from. Because our society, which is focused on youth, likes to adapt terms from this communication cosmos, which sometimes even make their way into the Duden via the media and advertising as standardized linguistic goods. In any case, such vocabulary and idioms are no longer suitable for a clear demarcation from the adult world.
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In Brandenburg, an apartment building partially collapsed and killed at least one person. More people were injured. The building could collapse completely.
In the partial collapse of an apartment building on Saturday morning in Hohen Neuendorf (Oberhavel district), one person died and three others were seriously injured. This was announced by a spokesman for the Eberswalde disaster control and rescue service control center. Two other people were therefore still missing. The cause of the accident was initially unclear. “Residents had told us of a loud bang,” said the spokesman.
The police suspect an explosion. “We cannot examine the house at the moment because of possible danger to ourselves. It could collapse further,” said a police spokesman.